Preparaty z retinolem-który wybrać?

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Nazwa Własciwosci kosmetyczne konserwanty cena
Retinol D-forte 70+/ Lirene/Eris dobrze się rozsmarowuje tocopherol,alkyl benzoate,            bez parabenów 19pln
Neuro retinol70+/Bielenda gęsta konsystencja,pachnie pastą do zębów,szybko się wchłania, phenoxyethanol/ bez parabenów 23pln
Deep wrinkle corrector (eye/mouth)HADA LABOTokyo bez zapachu, konsystencja żelowa ,b. dobrze się wchłania,skóra satynowa propylparaben, methylparaben 30pln
Retimax 1500/Farmina.pl b.tłusty,zapach lanoliny/parafiny,dobrze się rozsmarowuje,skóra miekka ,nie świecąca bez parabenów 4,5pln
Sesderma  Reti Age –serum żelowa konsystencja ,bardzo dobrze się wchłania phenoxyethanol, bez parabenów 190pln
Sesderma  Reti Age –krem doskonale się wchłania , lekki krem,skóra nawilzona phenoxyethanol, bez parabenów 180pln
Redermic R/La roche posay łatwo się wchłania,nie drażni skóry bez parabenów 90pln
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retinol

 

 

 

Nazwa Składniki aktywne Zapach
Retinol D-forte 70+/ Lirene/Eris retinol,wit D pro, masło shea,tocopheryl,kolagen rozpuszczalny,ceramide2,oligoppeptyd przyjemny
Neuro retinol 70+/Bielenda Retinol,, neuropeptyd, kwasy omega 3 6,olej macadmia,olej z awokado,wit E tocopheryl,squalene, pasta do zębów
Deep wrinkle corrector (eye/mouth Retinyl palmitate,squalene, hydrolized soy protein, tocopheryl acetate,hialanthus seed oil,hyaluronic acid,zea mays oil,beta carotene bez zapachu
Retimax 1500 Palitynian retinylu, lanolina,parafina bez  zapachu
Sesderma  Reti Age -serum Retinaldehyde, retinol,kwas hialuronowy, 3 typy retinoidow, tripeptyd,glucoside retinol,ceramidy ,cholesterol, resveratrol,retinyl propionate, retinal,olejek sojowy przyjemny ,lekki
Sesderma  Reti Age -krem jw.
Redermic R/La roche posay retinol,retinyl linoleate,soy oil,adenosine bez zapachu

 

Zródła:

Boehnlein J, Sakr A, Lichtin JL, Bronaugh RL. 1994. Characterization of esterase and alcohol dehydrogenase activity in skin. Metabolism of retinyl palmitate to retinol (vitamin A) during percutaneous absorption. Pharm Res 11(8): 1155-9.
CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
Cherng SH, Xia Q, Blankenship LR, Freeman JP, Wamer WG, Howard PC, et al. 2005. Photodecomposition of retinyl palmitate in ethanol by UVA light-formation of photodecomposition products, reactive oxygen species, and lipid peroxides. Chem Res Toxicol 18(2): 129-38
Duell EA, Kang S, Voorhees JJ. 1997. Unoccluded retinol penetrates human skin in vivo more effectively than unoccluded retinyl palmitate or retinoic acid. J Invest Dermatol 109(3): 301-5.
EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
FDA. 1995. FDA Talk Paper: Vitamin A and Birth Defects. US Food and Drug Administration
German BfR. 2014. Vitamin A: Intake via cosmetic products should be restricted. http://www.bfr.bund.de/cm/349/vitamin-a-intake-via-cosmetic-products-should-be-restricted.pdf
Halliday GM, Robertson BO, Barnetson RS. 2000. Topical retinoic acid enhances, and a dark tan protects, from subedemal solar-simulated photocarcinogenesis. J Invest Dermatol 114(5): 923-7.
Hathcock JN, Hattan DG, Jenkens MY, McDonald JT, Sundaresan PR, Wilkening VL. 1990. Evaluation of vitamin A toxicity. Am J Clin Nutr 52, 183–202.
Health Canada. 2007. List of Prohibited and Restricted Cosmetic Ingredients. Canada’s Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist. March 2007.
IFRA (International Fragrance Assocication). 2010. IFRA Fragrance Ingredient List based on 2008 Use Survey. Accessed online 01/04/2010: http://www.ifraorg.org/Home/News/Latest-News/page.aspx/66?xf_itemId=43&xf_selectionDatapartId=25
Kang S, Duell EA, Fisher GJ, Datta SC, Wang ZQ, Reddy AP, et al. 1995. Application of retinol to human skin in vivo induces epidermal hyperplasia and cellular retinoid binding proteins characteristic of retinoic acid but without measurable retinoic acid levels or irritation. J Invest Dermatol 105(4): 549-56.
Mei N, Xia Q, Chen L, Moore MM, Fu PP, Chen T. 2005. Photomutagenicity of retinyl palmitate by ultraviolet a irradiation in mouse lymphoma cells. Toxicol Sci 88(1): 142-9.
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NTP. 2000. All-Trans-Retinyl Palmitate [CASRN 79-81-2]. http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/htdocs/Chem_Background/ExSumPdf/RetinylPalmitate.pdf
NTP. 2010. NTP Draft Technical Report on the Photococarcinogenesis Study of Retinoic Acid and Retinyl Palmitate [CAS Nos. 302-79-4 (All-Trans-Retinoic Acid) and 79-81-2 (All-Trans-Retinyl Palmitate)] in SKH-1 Mice (Simulated Solar Light And Topical Application Study). NIH Publication No. 11-5910
National Toxicology Program (NTP). 2012. Photocarcinogenesis Studies of Retinoic Acid and Retinyl Palmitate [CAS Nos. 302-79-4 (All-trans-retinoic acid) and 79-81-2 (All-trans-retinyl palmitate)] in SKH-1 Mice (simulated solar light and topical application study). Report TR-568.
Xia Q, Yin JJ, Cherng SH, Wamer WG, Boudreau M, Howard PC, et al. 2006. UVA photoirradiation of retinyl palmitate–formation of singlet oxygen and superoxide, and their role in induction of lipid peroxidation. Toxicol Lett 163(1): 30-43
Yan J, Xia Q, Cherng SH, Wamer WG, Howard PC, Yu H, et al. 2005. Photo-induced DNA damage and photocytotoxicity of retinyl palmitate and its photodecomposition products. Toxicol Ind Health 21(7-8): 167-75
Yourick JJ, Jung CT, Bronaugh RL. 2008. In vitro and in vivo percutaneous absorption of retinol from cosmetic formulations: significance of the skin reservoir and prediction of systemic absorption. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 231(1): 117-21

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